1: What’s in a title?
There are two separate FIM world title classifications: the FIM Endurance World Championship for Formula EWC teams and the FIM Endurance World Cup for Superstock teams.

2: Long or short?
FIM EWC races last for 8, 12 or 24 hours. All races take place partly at night.

3: Two riders or three?
Teams may enter two or three riders for EWC races. For the 24-hour races, a fourth green reserve rider can also be entered. They must take part in practice and qualifying but only three riders can take part in the race.

4: Four’s fine
Only four people can play an active role in pit stops, changing tyres, fixing mechanical issues and refuelling etc. Extra personnel can be deployed if more extensive repairs are required but the bike must be brought inside the pit box before any work is undertaken.

5: Armed for action
To enable better recognition each rider is allocated a pair of coloured retro-reflective armbands, one of which is fitted with a transponder. The armbands are coloured blue, red and yellow with the fourth rider armband coloured green. The armbands must be worn from practice onwards.

6: Red of black?
Formula EWC bikes use a black number background and white headlamps, Superstock bikes use a red number background and yellow headlamps. The number plates are electroluminescent to make bikes easier to identify at night.

7: All about the average
Qualifying results are based on the average time of the fastest two riders (the results of the fourth rider are not taken into account). Previously the results were based on the average of three riders.

8: And the target time is…
All riders per team must qualify within 108 per cent of the fastest team in each category.

9: The weighting game
Formula EWC and Superstock bikes must hit a minimum weight of 168kg (without the fuel tank) during preliminary and post-race checks. During practice sessions, the minimum required weight for bikes in both categories is 175kg.

10: Safety first
Rider equipment (helmet, leathers, boots, gloves and back protector) is inspected by the technical steward before every race.

11: Watch your speed
There is a pitlane speed limit of 60kph during practice as well as during the race. A €150 fine is issued in case of any indiscretion during practice. During the race riders must stop outside their pit box for 30 seconds.

12: Points explained
How points are allocated varies according to race distance and more information is available at this link: https://www.fimewc.com/race-points/. For races of 12 to 24 hours long, bonus points are awarded after 8 and 16 hours to the top 10 classified teams in each category. The fastest five in qualifying per class also score points.

13: One race, two categories
While the overall appearance of Formula EWC bikes cannot deviate from the homologated model, the fork, damper, swing-arm, brakes, radiator and exhaust can be modified. Teams are also permitted to work on increasing engine performance. All bikes feature a quick wheel change system to help ensure faster pit stops. Conversely, Superstock bikes are almost identical to production models. However, limited engine modifications are permitted (injector jets and fuel mapping, clutch reinforcement, a different exhaust silencer, etc.). Wheels must remain as homologated, so teams need a good wheel change strategy during pit stops.

14: Fast fuelling
Stäubli is the single supplier of the FIM homologated fuel quick-fill system for the FIM Endurance World Championship and World Cup with its use mandatory from 2023 following a transition season in 2022.

15: Final classification
To be included in the results, a team must have completed 75 per cent of the laps recorded by the winner in their class. They must have also crossed the finish line on the race track within five minutes of the winner having done so.